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Promoting your Pre-schooler’s Mathematical Development

Promoting your Pre-schooler’s Mathematical Development

“Children are born Mathematicians” Eugene Geist

Children from a very young age, are absorbing and developing emergent mathematical theories and constructs. They are able to use their senses to understand the world, even before they develop language.

Parents and educators can promote “school ready” mathematical skills by a combination of intentional teaching of concepts and using opportunities for  reinforcing ideas and language while engaging in every-day activities. Language development is critical for children to develop understanding, and to be able to express their ideas. Take every opportunity to use the words listed below as you are conversing with your young child. Read stories, sing songs and teach rhymes with these concepts.

 

Mathematical Concepts

In the pre-school years children will absorb many mathematical concepts. It is essential that they also develop the language necessary to talk about these ideas. Children of this age learn well though hands on, concrete materials.

preschool maths

Number Sense – Learning to count  with one to one relationship, early ideas of addition and subtraction – more, less, take away.

Measurement and comparisons – Size, weight, length. Long, longer, longest, short, shorter, shortest

Heavy, light, big, small, little, tall, near, far, empty, full, half, equal to. How tall are you? Who is the tallest in the family?

Time – Basic understanding of times in the day, hours, minutes, weeks, months, age, older, younger, soon, later, before, after, then

 

Shapes – Circle, square, triangle, oval, and other geometric shapes, straight line, wavy line, cube, and solid shapes. Round,

 

Spatial Relationships – Part, whole, over, under, in, out, in front of, behind, over, above, high, low, between, on

montessori stairs

Matching, comparing, classifying, sequences and patterns,  – Same, different, match one aspect such as colour, shape, size, identify and copy patterns. Bigger, smaller, colour names, same, different, more, less

Seriation and Ordering – Put objects in order of size, weight, length. First, second, third, last.

 

Predicting and estimating – Understanding cause and effect relationships, predicting story endings, what will happen if? How many peas are on your plate?

 

Logic and Problem solving – As your child’s understanding grows, involve him or her in helping to solve every day problems. Talk through the steps you are taking to complete a job such as household repairs. Ask them to help you divide snacks up so each person gets the same amount.

 

Use every Day Activities to promote children’s mathematical learning. 

Cooking

Cooking provides many opportunities to discuss mathematical concepts –

Reading the recipe, finding each item needed, and placing it in the order it is to be used. Weighing and measuring ingredients – is the cup full, how heavy is it? Add some more, take some away, divide the mixture into equal sizes for biscuits and pancakes. How long will it cook? Use cookie cutter shapes.

shop preschool mathsShopping

Make a list of items to find, and tick them off as you find them. When will you leave, how far away are the shops, how long will that take? Are the items high or low, big or small, heavy or light? Will the items fit in the trolley?

On the way, count cars or busses, identify colours, Identify street signs with numbers, turn right, turn left, go slow, go fast, stop. Identify shapes you see. Count steps from the car to the shop.

Setting the table

How many people? How many forks, knives, plates etc? Big or small plates. Are there the right number of chairs? Fill the water jug. Who has the biggest serving?

Toys and Games for Maths Concepts 

Board games, construction materials such as blocks, magnetic shapes, mobile, jig saw puzzles, card games, railway tracks, car parking, play dough, sand and water play with measuring jugs and cups, arranging natural objects. Pretend play with other children or adults – for example shops, hospitals, café. Sorting household objects such as buttons, containers, or the clean laundry.mobilo preschool maths.

Other Ideas

Have a monthly measurement chart for your child.

Keep a weather calendar

Involve your child in writing important events on a yearly calendar. Count down the days till events are going to happen.

Write up a daily routine with times for usual activities.

Interacting and talking with your child will give you an understanding of their emerging mathematical understandings.

If you have any concerns, discuss them with your child’s educator who can give you information about the child’s progress at preschool.

 

 

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Nine Significant Benefits for 3 Year Olds attending Pre-school

Nine Significant Benefits for 3 Year Olds attending Pre-school

Dr Stacey Fox of the Mitchell Institute says, “All of the evidence shows that two years of high-quality preschool is one of the best ways to amplify children’s learning and development”.  The report Pre-school – Two years are better than one, stated that “It is time for Australia to pursue a national commitment to ensuring that all 3 year olds have access to high-quality early education by offering a second year of preschool.

3 year old preschool play doh

This viewpoint is supported by the Federal Education Minister and the South Australian Premier, who both are looking at ways to invest in the additional year of preschool.

There have been many studies to see what the advantages of two years of pre-school are. Here are some of the findings –

  1. A High Quality Pre- Kindergarten program prepares children to take maximum advantage of their 4 year old Kindergarten year which concentrates on developing “School Ready Skills”. Younger children develop many skills through close association with their older peers.

 

  1. The Early Years Learning Framework, with its emphasis on learning through play, ensures that planned activities are age appropriate, and based on the individual interests and skill levels of the children.
  1. 3 year old preschool water playPreschool activities have an emphasis on the Social, Emotional Development of each child. Children learn best in a caring environment where these skills are encouraged. Children learn how to interact with others, to make friends, to take turns, to empathise, to resolve conflict constructively, and to identify and control their emotions. Children develop self- esteem, and belief in their own capabilities through practising self-help skills, and helping to care for the indoor and outdoor environment.
  1. Pre-school teachers are trained to identify, and to work with children who have additional needs. The earlier these needs are identified and planned for, the less children will fall behind peers at school.
  1. Through interacting with Early Childhood teachers, and participating in group times and programmed activities, language and cognitive skills are promoted. Kindergartens are language rich environments. Children are involved in discussions, answering questions, early literacy activities and letter recognition, stories and singing. New words are introduced through hands on science, maths, environmental awareness and creative activities.
  1. Children’s creativity and innovative thinking is enrich3 year old kindy pretend played by art, craft, constructing, dress-ups, pretend play. The routine is flexible, and teachers value children’s spontaneous ideas for play. Mathematic and logic skills are developed through a wide range of activities such as using Montessori equipment, building with blocks, railway tracks, farm sets, sorting, ordering, comparing and fitting together.
  1. The Preschool environment is designed to develop motor skills and physical fitness. Children are encouraged to participate in activities which develop fine motor skills needed for writing. In the outdoor environment children can run, hop, skip, slide and swing, ride bikes, develop ball skills, dig in the sand and dirt, and construct with large blocks.
  1. 3 year old kindy box playPreschool teachers stimulate children’s curiosity and desireto learn and find out how things work. They encourage children to be creative, and to investigate and solve problems. They observe children’s interests, and plan activities to help them answer their own questions.
  1. Preschool is a safe, happy, friendly, nurturing environment, where children have fun. They have opportunities to make decisions and to try out their own ideas in a relaxed, supportive environment.

 

Visit your chosen Pre-school to ensure that you are confident that the educators will nurture your child and cater for his or her individual needs. Directors and educators will answer your questions and concerns, and explain the program, routines, and how they can partner with you to promote optimal outcomes for your child.3 year old kindy turtle

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Our Montessori Program

Our Montessori Program

Montessori at Brooklyn Park Private Kindergarten

In this post I would like to give you a brief introduction to the Montessori education method and philosophy. We believe that the Montessori philosophy blends well with our centre philosophy, and the Montessori education method aligns well with our exceptional preschool program. Children will have enhanced school readiness through using the hands-on materials for learning letters and mathematical concepts, and through experiencing the wider Montessori curriculum.

The Montessori Method

The Montessori Method of education, developed by Dr. Maria Montessori, is a child-centred educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood. Dr. Montessori’s Method has been time tested, with over 100 years of success in diverse cultures throughout the world.

It sees children as naturally eager for knowledge and capable of initiating learning in a supportive, thoughtfully prepared learning environment. It is an approach that values the human spirit and the development of the whole child—physical, social, emotional, cognitive.

Benefits of Montessori EducationMontessori inserts

Montessori students learn to think critically, work collaboratively, and act boldly—a vital skill set for the 21st century.

Montessori education offers children opportunities to develop their potential as they step out into the world as engaged, competent, responsible, and respectful citizens with an understanding and appreciation that learning is for life.

Each child is valued as a unique individual. Montessori education recognises that children learn in different ways, and accommodates all learning styles. Students are also free to learn at their own pace, each advancing through the curriculum as he/she is ready, guided by the teacher and an individualised learning plan.

Beginning at an early age, Montessori students develop order, coordination, concentration, and independence. Classroom design, materials, and daily routines support the individual’s emerging self-regulation.

Students are part of a close, caring community. The multi-age classroom resembles a family structure. Older students enjoy being mentors and role models; younger children feel supported and gain confidence. Teachers model respect, loving kindness, and a belief in peaceful conflict resolution.

Montessori students enjoy freedom within limits. Working with their teachers, students are active participants in deciding what their focus of learning will be. The child’s curiosity and interest results in joyous learning.

Students are supported in becoming active seekers of knowledge. Teachers provide environments where students have the freedom and the tools to pursue answers to their own questions.

Self-correction and self-assessment are an integral part of the Montessori education. As they mature, students learn to look critically at their work, and become adept at recognising, correcting, and learning from their errors.

There are five areas of learning in a Montessori 3-6 class:montessori practical life

Practical Life
In this section of work, children find materials and exercises from their every day life – eg. pouring water from a jug to a glass, or learning how to tie a shoelace. These activities help children’s independence.

Sensorial
Activities in this section allow children to refine each of their senses. They will appreciate color or texture differences, organise objects in the environment and  refine their sense of pitch from the music they hear .

Language
Children are taught language through a progression of lessons. They first learn the different sounds in a word. Children then learn language phonetically. Later they learn the different “rules” in language and the exceptions to those rules. They will learn to spell and read fluently.

Mathematics
Children first learn to count from 1-10 through understanding the concept that those numbers represent a specific amount. Progressing through the materials children will learn addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and truly understand what each one means in a deeper sense. Montessori offers the child a strong and solid foundation in the understanding of mathematics.

Culture

The Cultural area of the Montessori classroom covers a variety of subjects. Geography, Science, Botany, Zoology, and History are included. Art and Music are also considered a part of the Cultural Area of the classroom.  Maria felt that having knowledge and understanding of such subjects is what makes one a “cultured” person.

Sites on the internet that have videos of the materials, and explanations of the equipment are –

montessori botany American Montessori Society (2017) https://amshq.org/Montessori-Education/Introduction-to-Montessori/Benefits-of-Montessori, Montessori Australia Foundation (2017) https://montessori.org.au/about-montessori

Montessori Australia Foundation (2017) https://montessori.org.au/montessori-materials

http://www.infomontessori.com

http://www.justmontessori.com/

 

 

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Information Evening – Screen Time for Pre-schoolers

Information Evening – Screen Time for Pre-schoolers

Wednesday 17th June, 6.00pm to 7.00 pm

We hope you are coming to our first Parent Evening. You are welcome to bring friends who may be interested in the best way to use IT with preschoolers.

This will be an interactive evening, so bring your IPads and tablets. Let us know if you don’t have an IPad, and we will try to arrange one for your use.

We will share current research and recommendations for using I.T. with young children. We will discuss the pros and cons, and include some ideas of how to select programs and apps wisely.

There will be some food and care for your children if you are bringing them, and light refreshments for adults.

Please let us know you are coming so we can cater for you and your children.

Term Project – Healthy Eating

group time brooklyn kindyLast week we continued our exploration of healthy foods by being “Taste Detectives”. We have been investigating using the colours of the rainbow. Each week we have looked at different coloured fruits and vegetables. Last week we discovered white and brown fruits and vegetables.

Practical Life

The children have been encouraged to try using hammers and nails, and they enjoyed this activity. As a result of this play based learning, they are developing gross and fine motor skills, concentration and persistence.

Gardening and Sustainability

brooklyn kindy wormsThe children enjoy helping to care for our worm farm.

When we planted vegetables in our front garden, we

transferred some worms to help improve the soil.

worms brooklyn kindy

The children also enjoyed looking for insects in the gardens.insects brooklyn park

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